Aaron Aaronsohn' (1876—1919) was a renowned Palestinian Jewish botanist and agronomist, traveller, entrepreneur, and politician. Aaronsohn is remembered primarily as the discoverer of 'the mother of the wheat', as well as the founder and head of Nili, a ring of Jewish patriots spying for the British in World War I. Owing to information supplied by Nili to the British Army, General Edmund Allenby was able to mount a surprise attack on Beersheba, unexpectedly bypassing strong Turkish defenses in Gaza.


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